First and second trimester is a very crucial duration of pregnancy. There is a possibility that you may face mild bleeding and cramps. But what if along with bleeding you have excess cramps and pain? This could be a sign of miscarriage. There are few emergency provisions for miscarriages that occur during early pregnancy. Mentioned below are the 5 common complications that a pregnant woman might face and which can lead to miscarriage or complications, if not taken care of.
Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. Approximately 20% of pregnancies end in a miscarriage, and more than 80% of miscarriages occur before 12 weeks. Not many women know that most of the miscarriages take place due to chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg, which stops the embryo from developing.
- Chromosomal abnormality
The chromosomal abnormality occurs when there is a less (i.e. one copy instead of two), it is called monosomy or additional copy of a chromosome (i.e. three copies instead of two), it is called a Trisomy. Health and development issues can appear due to these abnormalities. These chromosomal abnormalities may cause disorders like Down’s, Edward’s and Patau’s syndromes. In these cases, a proper care and consultation are needed for the pregnant women and child. If there have been cases in your family of any of these syndromes’s then you must talk about it to your doctor.
- Gestational Diabetes
Approximately 2 to 10 percent of expecting mothers develop this kind of diabetes. The condition is both common and serious enough. This is the reason that a pregnant woman should get her glucose screened between 24 to 28 weeks to keep a check on it. If you are detected with a gestational diabetes, you would require to be monitored closely by your gynecologist. If gestational diabetes is not controlled within a time period, then this can have serious consequences on the child. Maintaining a healthy diet and doing exercises can control the blood sugar level.
- Preterm Labor
Preterm labor is labor that a woman suffers before 37 weeks of pregnancy. There are many reasons for a premature labor including infections, short cervix, or prior preterm births. A premature baby born before 37 weeks is at the high risk of having health problems. In many cases, body organs such as lungs or brain may not have developed fully as they usually developed in the final weeks of pregnancy.
- Iron-deficiency anemia
During pregnancy, there is an increase in the amount of blood produced inside a woman since she requires more iron as compared to a normal human being. Deficiency of iron is a common problem in a pregnant woman. This is the reason why; doctors keep a check on iron levels throughout the term of pregnancy. If there is an iron deficiency, then iron supplements can be advised to the expecting mother. The symptoms of iron deficiency are feeling tired or dizzy, enduring shortness of breath, and growing pale.