- Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) comprises a complex group of inherited dystrophies characterized by degeneration and dysfunction of the retina, affecting photoreceptor and pigment epithelial function. RP can be an isolated finding or be part of a syndrome that can be inherited in a dominant, recessive or X-linked pattern. This disease presents as progressive loss of night and peripheral vision, leading to a constricted visual field and markedly diminished vision. The clinical presentation of these findings is highly variable, some patients being affected during childhood while others are asymptomatic well into adulthood. There is an increase in mortality rate due to psychiatric comorbidities.
- The Igenomix Retinitis Pigmentosa Precision Panel can be used to make an accurate and directed diagnosis as well as a differential diagnosis of blindness ultimately leading to a better management and prognosis of the disease. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the genes involved in this disease using next-generation sequencing (NGS) to fully understand the spectrum of relevant genes involved.
- The Igenomix Retinitis Pigmentosa Precision Panel is indicated for those patients with a clinical suspicion or diagnosis with or without the following manifestations:
- Family history of RP
- Night blindness
- Progressive constriction of the visual field, usually peripheral
- Sensation of sparking lights (photopsias)
The clinical utility of this panel is:
- The genetic and molecular confirmation for an accurate clinical diagnosis of a symptomatic patient.
- Early initiation of multidisciplinary treatment in the form of medical care with vitamin A and other antioxidants and surgical care for potential cataract extraction or retinal prosthesis.
- Risk assessment and genetic counselling of asymptomatic family members according to the mode of inheritance.
- Detect novel disease-causing genes and novel variant in disease-causing genes.
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Na, K. H., Kim, H. J., Kim, K. H., Han, S., Kim, P., Hann, H. J., & Ahn, H. S. (2017). Prevalence, Age at Diagnosis, Mortality, and Cause of Death in Retinitis Pigmentosa in Korea-A Nationwide Population-based Study. American journal of ophthalmology, 176, 157–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2017.01.014